The 19th Legion was founded by Augustus in 41 or 40 BC, first operating in Sicily against a revolt led by Sextus Pompey, the son of Pompey the Great.
Active throughout the Germanic campaigns of Drusus (13–9 BC) and Tiberius (8–5 BC), the 19th legion would eventually be destroyed at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in AD 9, resulting in the legion’s eagle being captured and the 19th name stricken from the Roman army listings.
The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest was fought between an alliance of Germanic peoples, against the Legions XVII, XVIII & XIX, 6 auxiliary cohorts, and 3 cavalry squadrons. The defeat, described as the Varian Disaster, is commonly seen as one of the most important defeats in Roman history, bringing expansion into Germanic lands by Augustus to an abrupt end.
The new study is a joint research project by scientists from the German Mining Museum Bochum, Leibniz Research Museum for Geo-Resources, and the Varus Battle Museum.
The team analysed the composition of chemical trace elements in Roman artefacts found at modern-day Kalkriese (site of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest), which are mainly made from non-ferrous metals such as bronze and brass.
By applying a mass spectrometer to detect small traces, the researchers are able to determine the difference in the non-ferrous metal composition that differ with each legion. Each legion had their own blacksmiths for repairing and replacing weapons or equipment. This gave their metalworking a distinct chemical signature, as techniques differed in each legion’s camp.
German Mining Museum Bochum researcher, Annika Diekmann, said: “In this way, we can allocate a legion-specific metallurgical fingerprint, for which we know the camp locations at which they were stationed.”
According to historical text, the 19th was stationed in Dangstetten in southern Germany, years before the events of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. “We find that the finds from Dangstetten and Kalkriese show significant similarities. The finds that come from legion sites whose legions did not perish in the battle, differ significantly from the finds from Kalkriese”, added Diekmann.
Bergau-Museum
Header Image Credit : iSTOCK (Under Copyright)
 
HERITAGEDAILY is an independent publisher of the latest scientific discoveries and research news with a focus on archaeology. HERITAGEDAILY is the sister site of DINOSAURDAILY and is part of the HERITAGE COMMUNICATIONS group of brands.

We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website.
You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings.
We treat all information as private and confidential, any information we do collect is kept in a secure location.  We will only use information supplied for the purpose of promoting our scientific news content, and keeping you informed of the latest developments in the field. Your email address is used solely for this purpose and kept secure.
These terms and conditions are governed and construed in accordance with the laws of England. You agree that the English court shall have exclusive jurisdiction but we may use another court if we choose.
Unless otherwise specified, the Site is directed solely at individuals from the UK. If you choose to access the Site from locations outside the United Kingdom, you do so on your own initiative and are responsible for compliance with local laws.
All users of the website agree that any information provided is being stored in a database (including IP address). This information will not be disclosed to any third party or be used for marketing reasons. HeritageDaily cannot be held responsible for any hacking or cracking attempt that may lead to the data being compromised.
Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings.
If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again.
(the “Website”), is operated by HERITAGEDAILY
What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files that are stored in the web browser that allows HERITAGEDAILY or a third party to recognise you. Cookies can be used to collect, store and share bits of information about your activities across websites, including on the HERITAGEDAILY website and subsidiary brand website.
Cookies can be used for the following purposes:
– To enable certain functions
– To provide analytics
– To store your preferences
– To enable ad delivery and behavioural advertising
HERITAGEDAILY uses both session cookies and persistent cookies.
A session cookie is used to identify a particular visit to our Website. These cookies expire after a short time, or when you close your web browser after using our website. We use these cookies to identify you during a single browsing session.
A persistent cookie will remain on your devices for a set period of time specified in the cookie. We use these cookies where we need to identify you over a longer period of time. For example, we would use a persistent cookie for remarketing purposes on social media platforms such as Facebook advertising or Google display advertising.
How do third parties use cookies on the HERITAGEDAILY Website?
Third party companies like analytics companies and ad networks generally use cookies to collect user information on an anonymous basis. They may use that information to build a profile of your activities on the HERITAGEDAILY Website and other websites that you’ve visited.
If you don’t like the idea of cookies or certain types of cookies, you can change your browser’s settings to delete cookies that have already been set and to not accept new cookies. To learn more about how to do this, visit the help pages of your chosen browser.
Please note, if you delete cookies or do not accept them, your user experience may lack many of the features we offer, you may not be able to store your preferences and some of our pages might not display properly.
For more information on cookies, please visit the information commissioners officer (ico): https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/online/cookies/

source

Shop Sephari

Leave a Reply